Category Archives: Agenda

Ecosse

Référendum sur l’indépendance:

ECOSSEEn 1707, des royaumes d’Ecosse et d’Angleterre ont décidé une association avec les Actes d’union. Donc ils ont d’histoire commune pour 307 années. Bon, il y a aussi l’Union des couronnes établie depuis 1603 et l’accession au trône d’Angleterre de James VI après de Reine Elizabeth I. Mais, c’est une autre histoire pour une autre fois.

 

Le référendum du 18 septembre en Ecosse porte sur seulement les Actes d’union, c’est-à-dire que sur l’indépendance de leur nation. Selon l’Express, magazine économique, politique et social très renommée, la campagne pour le « oui » semblait avoir rattrapé une partie de son retard au printemps, le « non » remonte.      

 

Ergun UNUTMAZ, 18/09/2014

 

Et voilà les résultats!

Selon les chiffres officiels taux de participation au référendum sur l’indépendance s’établit au niveau record de 84,6%. Les Écossais ont nettement dit «non». Dans ce référendum historique l’indépendance a été rejeté par 55,3% de voix contre 44,7%. Donc la campagne «meilleur ensemble» a prévalu et l’Écosse est resté dans le Royaume-Uni (mise à jour: 20/09/2014).

 

 

Le drapeau écossais (en haut) et le drapeau du Royaume Uni, photographiés le 17 aout 2014 sur la frontière historique entre l’Ecosse et l’Angleterre (afp.com/Andy Buchanan).

AB İlerleme Raporu

Avrupa Birliği (AB), adaylık süreci devam eden ülkelerde son bir yıl içerisinde kaydedilen gelişmeleri düzenli olarak izlemekte ve bulgularını da İlerleme Raporlarında yayınlamaktadır. Aday ülkelerdeki gelişmeleri siyasi, ekonomik ve sosyal hayata ilişkin boyutları ile ele alan bu raporlar her bir aday ülke için ayrı ayrı hazırlanmaktadır.

Bu kapsamda, Türkiye için hazırlanan 2013 yılı İlerleme Raporu, Komisyon tarafından 16 Ekim 2013 tarihinde Avrupa Parlamentosuna ve Konseye sunulmuştur. AB’nin Türkiye ile 33 fasıl altında devam eden müzakere sürecinin başlıklarından birisi de “Kamu Alımları” olup bu çalışmada söz konusu başlık altında yer alan ifade ve yorumlar detaylı olarak araştırılmıştır.  5 No.lu Fasıl: “Kamu Alımları” Bölümünün Değerlendirmesi dosyasına ulaşmak için linke tıklayabilirsiniz.

Raporların İngilizce ve (AB Bakanlığı tarafından kamuoyu ile paylaşılan gayri resmî çevirisi olan) Türkçe metinlerine ise aşağıdaki linklerden ulaşabilirsiniz.

 

Türkiye 2013 İlerleme Raporu
Turkey 2013 Progress Report

 

Ergun UNUTMAZ, 03/12/2013

 

Not: Bu çalışma, herhangi bir kurum ya da kuruluşun görüş ve düşüncelerini yansıtmamakta olup tamamen yazarın kişisel değerlendirmelerden ibarettir.

Etkin Asansör Kullanımı

Etkin Asansör Kullanımı Üzerine Düşünceler


Asansör, dikey ve yatay olarak yük ve insan taşımada kullanılan bir araç olup Latince “basamak çıkmak” anlamına gelen
ad scendere sözcüğünün “mekanik tırmanma aracı” olarak Fransızca ascenseur kelimesine dönüştürülmesi ile tanımlanmıştır. Kelimenin Türkçede ilk kullanımları ile 1891 yılında karşılaşılmaktadır.

Asansörler, modern yaşam anlayışı ve iş ortamlarının vazgeçilmez birer parçası olma özelliğini 20. yüzyılda kazanmış, mühendislik ve değişen ihtiyaçlar bazında her geçen gün niteliklerinin üzerine katarak gelişmiştir. Asansörlerin, yük taşıma ve basit mekanik sistemlerle kullanımı ise 19. yüzyıla uzanmaktadır ki bugün asansör kelimesi ile ifade ettiğimiz anlam dışında yük taşıma işlemleri ise çok çok daha eskilere dayanmaktadır.

Tarihi gelişimi, çalışma prensipleri ve gökdelenlerdeki kullanım farklılıkları bir yana bu yazıda “asansör kullanımı – zaman yönetimi” bakış açısından asansörler üzerine düşüncelerimi bir sistem önerisi ile paylaşmak istedim. Özellikle de mesai saatlerinin başlangıç ve bitişi ile öğle arası gibi yoğun kullanım aralıklarında asansör beklemekten şikâyetçiyseniz bu yazıyı faydalı bulabilir; önerdiğim sistemi farklı düşünceleriniz ile geliştirmek için katkı sağlayabilirsiniz. Belki de en önemlisi, sistemler ne kadar mükemmel tasarlanmış olsa da bu yazıyı okumamış olan kullanıcıları “etkin asansör kullanımı” konusunda bilgilendirebilirsiniz.
 

Olabildiğince basit ve anlaşılır olarak aktarmak istediğim sistem iki bölümde kurgulandı. Bu kapsamda öncelikle bazı varsayımlar belirtilip ardından etkin asansör kullanımı için sayısal bir analiz yürütülmüştür. Bu analiz, gösterim kolaylığı açısından ilk olarak bilinçsiz ya da bireysel çıkar hedefleyen kullanıcılar, ikinci sırada da bilinçli kullanıcılar modellenerek sunulmuştur. Son olarak ise yönetici ve kullanıcılar için bazı tavsiyelere yer verilmiştir.

Analize ulaşmak için asansör dosyasını açınız.

Ergun UNUTMAZ, 20/11/2013

World Chess Championship

 

FIDE World Championship Match (FWCM), this year takes place in Chennai, India, between November 07 and 28. FWCM 2013 will consist of 12 games and if necessary, tie-brake games. “Rules and Regulations” for the tournament can be reached via link here.

Photo from FIDE Official web site.

 duo

Championship this year brings defending World Champion Viswanathan ANAND and challenging Magnus CARLSEN together.

Anand first became FIDE World Champion in the year 2000, but his name was known since a decade ago at the top level. He is tremendously quick minded and has an ability to work hard. Therefore, it is no surprise that since 2007 he is undisputed Champion. On the other hand, Magnus Carlsen – or namely the Mozart of chess – became a grandmaster at the age of 13, in 2006. At the moment, with his outstanding ELO rating of 2870, Carlsen is the highest rated player in the chess kingdom.

On these grounds, whole chess world was locked to the matches among this duo as of November 7th. However, it took only 16 moves for the first round, and 25 moves for the second round to be completed. Both games ended in draw with repetition of moves. Although this was a total disappointment for the audience, it was prudency according to players in a long battle. When it comes to third round it was more exciting with 51 moves and with various fights for pieces and area. However, the result was a draw again, which carried each player to 1½ points in total.

You can check the analysis of games by Jerry from the Chess Network by clicking the links below:  

Game 1
Game 2
Game 3

When it comes to following games we have witnessed another draw at fourth round. It was one of the most exciting games so far with various mid-game options and a rook-pair end. Finally at the fifth round, Carlsen managed to reach a victory with whites after 58 moves. Despite having pawn weaknesses, white lead the game with its greater activity. For the sixth round it was once again Carlsen who had a win, but this time with black pieces. There were some novelties in the Anand’s game, and more or less this was also seemingly a draw. However, Anand’s choice at the 60th move created an opportunity for Carlsen and he did not miss it.

Game 4
Game 5
Game 6 

In the third quarter of the tournament Carlsen made his way to his first title very close. Now all he needs to grasp it is only a draw. But I think he will get it with a win as Anand will be under pressure and will force the game. If we have an eye on the brief summary of games left behind; we had draws in the seventh and eight games and a win by Carlsen in the ninth game. Game seven was pretty much similar to first round and ended with triple repetition in a symmetrical position. On the other hand game eight was the first time Carlsen opened e4 in the tournament and we witnessed an open game. But an open file did not bring anything more than exchanges and a draw. Surprisingly Anand played d4 in the opening of ninth game for the first time, too. However, Carlsen’s bishop change and pawn march made Anand’s opening troublesome. So, quuen-side and king-side games took place, which eventually brought victory to Carlsen.

Game 7
Game 8 
Game 9 

Here are the scores after ninth game with a reminder that whoever hits the 6½ points gets the title.

 Adsız

Eventually, Carlsen reached out for his new title without prolonging the tournament. On the tenth game, he was playing with white pieces and struggle for the centre was the theme of the game. We have witnessed some changes and good manoeuvres from both parties. Consequently, there was a phase of major piece change and race to queen with passing pawns. However, killing move was Carlsen’s change of knight at the 46th move in order to start this race. Then Anand forced to accept the draw one way or another.  

Game 10:

Thanks to both players and chess community who contributed to this event, and congratulations to Magnus Carlsen for his new title of the World Chess Champion and for inspiring many people with his talent which is accompanied by hard work. 

Ergun UNUTMAZ, (Updated on 25/11/2013)


[1] FIDE World Chess ratings by November 2013.
[2] FIDE Official web site.

Croatia joins EU

CONGRATULATIONS AND ALL THE BEST TO THE CROATIA!

01/07/2013 – On the 1 July 2013, Croatia became the 28th member of the EU after a decade of carrying out all the reforms needed to bring it into line with EU laws and standards.

Croatia

Introducing Croatia
Croatia borders Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. It has been an independent country since 1991. For over 70 years before that, it was part of the former Yugoslavia.

History
The duchy of Croatia first appeared in the 8th century, becoming a kingdom 200 years later. It was heavily influenced by neighbouring Austria and Hungary in the following decades, while the 15th to 17th centuries saw frequent clashes with the Ottoman Empire.

Flag
The three colours of the Croatian flag represent Croatia’s three constituent states: the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (white and blue) and the Kingdom of Dalmatia (red and blue).

Parliamentary democracy
Croatia is a parliamentary democracy. Power is divided between: the elected parliament (legislative), the government and elected president (executive) and autonomous courts (judicial).

Geography
Much of Croatia is lowland. Its mountains and in particular its beaches attract many visitors. Croatia also has 1 246 islands and islets, of which just 48 are permanently inhabited.

Croatia and the EU
Croatia became the 28th EU country on 1 July 2013, having applied in 2003 and begun negotiations in 2005. The target is now further integration – Croatia is expected to join the Schengen area by 2015, and will also change the kuna for the euro as soon as its economy meets the criteria – on inflation, public finances, exchange-rate stability and interest rates.

Like other EU countries, Croatia must implement laws agreed at EU level, such as laws on food safety, recognition of other countries’ professional qualifications or limits on how much mobile phone users can be charged for calls from abroad. For some laws, transition periods have been agreed for Croatia. For example, Croatia will keep lower excise rates for cigarettes until the end of 2017, and fishermen can continue using nets outlawed in the rest of the EU until June 2014.

Source:
European Union official web site.

Ergun UNUTMAZ, 01/07/2013